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File:Overall EPI Score by Country Quintile 2006.png

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically benchmarking the environmental performance of a country's policies. This index was developed from the Pilot Environmental Performance Index, first published in 2002, and designed to supplement the environmental targets set forth in the U.N. Millennium Development Goals.[1]

The EPI was preceded by the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI), published between 1999 and 2005. Both indexes were developed by Yale University (Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy) and Columbia University (Center for International Earth Science Information Network) in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The ESI was developed to evaluate environmental sustainability relative to the paths of other countries. Due to a shift in focus by the teams developing the ESI, the EPI uses outcome-oriented indicators, then working as a benchmark index that can be more easily used by policy makers, environmental scientists, advocates and the general public.[2]

As of January 2010 three EPI reports have been released - the Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index,[3] and the 2008 and 2010 Environmental Performance Index. In the 2010 scorecard, the top five countries were Iceland, Switzerland, Costa Rica, Sweden, and Norway. The bottom five countries were Togo, Angola, Mauritania, the Central African Republic, and Sierra Leone.[4]

2008 Variables Edit

EPI 2008: Objectives, policy categories and sub-categories, and indicators
OBJECTIVE
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
POLICY CATEGORIES
Environmental Burden of Disease
Water (effects on humans)
Air Pollution (effects on humans)
INDICATORS 1. Environmental Burden of Disease 2. Adequate Sanitation 4. Indoor Air Pollution
3. Drinking Water 5. Urban Particulates
6. Local Ozone
OBJECTIVE
ECOSYSTEM VITALITY
POLICY CATEGORIES
Air Pollution (effects on ecosystems)
Water
Biodiversity and Habitat
INDICATORS 7. Regional Ozone 9. Water Quality Index 11. Conservation Risk Index
8. Sulfur Dioxide Emissions 10. Water Stress 12. Effective Conservation
13. Critical Habitat Protection
14. Marine Protected Areas
POLICY CATEGORIES
Productive Natural Resources
<center>Productive Natural Resources
Productive Natural Resources
POLICY SUB-CATEGORY
Forestry
Fisheries
Agriculture
INDICATORS 15. Growing Stock 16. Marine Trophic Index 18. Irrigation Stress
17. Trawling Intensity 19. Agricultural Subsidies
20. Intensive Cropland
21. Burnt Land Area
22. Pesticide Regulation
POLICY CATEGORIES
Climate Change
INDICATORS 23. Emissions per capita
24. Emissions per electricity generated
25. Industrial carbon intensity


Overall EPI scoreEdit

2010Edit

On 28 January 2010 Yale University and Columbia University released the 2010 Environmental Performance Index at the World Economic Forum ranking 163 countries.[4] The top performer for 2010 is Iceland due to its high scores on environmental public health, gets virtually all of its power from renewable sources (hydropower and geothermal energy), and its control of greenhouse gas emissions. The United States fell to the 61st position, as compared to 39th in the 2008 EPI, Brazil ranks 62nd, Russia 69th, China 121st, and India ranks 123rd.[4][5]

Top 30 countries and score[4]

Template:Col-break
  1. Template:ISL 93.5
  2. Template:CHE 89.1
  3. Template:CRI 86.4
  4. Template:SWE 86.0
  5. Template:NOR 81.1
  6. Template:Flag 80.6
  7. Template:FRA 78.2
  8. Template:AUT 78.1
  9. Template:CUB 78.1
  10. Template:COL 76.8
  11. Template:Col-break

    1. Template:Flag 76.3
    2. Template:FIN 74.7
    3. Template:SVK 74.5
    4. Template:GBR 74.2
    5. Template:NZL 73.4
    6. Template:CHL 73.3
    7. Template:GER 73.2
    8. Template:ITA 73.1
    9. Template:POR 73.0
    10. Template:JPN 72.5
    11. Template:Col-break

      1. Template:LVA 72.5
      2. Template:CZE 71.6
      3. Template:ALB 71.4
      4. Template:PAN 71.4
      5. Template:ESP 70.6
      6. Template:BLZ 69.9
      7. Template:Flag 69.8
      8. Template:Flag 69.6
      9. Template:Flag 69.4
      10. Template:ECU 69.3

2008Edit

On 23 January 2008 Yale University and Columbia University released the 2008 Environmental Performance Index at the World Economic Forum ranking 149 countries. The environmental experts at both universities concluded that "analysis of the drivers underlying the 2008 rankings suggests that wealth is a major determinant of environmental success".[6]

Top 30 countries and score[7]

Template:Col-break
  1. Template:CHE 95.5
  2. Template:NOR 93.1
  3. Template:SWE 93.1
  4. Template:FIN 91.4
  5. Template:CRI 90.5
  6. Template:AUT 89.4
  7. Template:NZL 88.9
  8. Template:LVA 88.8
  9. Template:COL 88.3
  10. Template:FRA 87.8
  11. Template:Col-break

    1. Template:ISL 87.6
    2. Template:CAN 86.6
    3. Template:GER 86.3
    4. Template:GBR 86.3
    5. Template:SLO 86.3
    6. Template:LTU 86.2
    7. Template:SVK 86.0
    8. Template:PRT 85.8
    9. Template:EST 85.2
    10. Template:CRO 84.6
    11. Template:Col-break

      1. Template:JPN 84.5
      2. Template:ECU 84.4
      3. Template:HUN 84.2
      4. Template:RWA 84.2
      5. Template:ITA 84.2
      6. Template:ALB 84.0
      7. Template:DNK 84.0
      8. Template:MYS 84.0
      9. Template:RUS 83.9
      10. Template:CHL 83.4
      11. Template:ESP 83.1

2006Edit

On 26 January 2006 Yale (YCELP) and Columbia University (CIESIN) released the Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index at the World Economic Forum ranking 133 countries. It was done in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission.

Top 30 countries and score[8]

Template:Col-break
  1. Template:NZL 88.0
  2. Template:SWE 87.8
  3. Template:FIN 87.0
  4. Template:CZE 86.0
  5. Template:GBR 85.6
  6. Template:AUT 85.2
  7. Template:DNK 84.2
  8. Template:CAN 84.0
  9. Template:MYS 83.3
  10. Template:Flag 83.3
  11. Template:Col-break

    1. Template:PRT 82.9
    2. Template:FRA 82.5
    3. Template:ISL 82.1
    4. Template:JPN 81.9
    5. Template:CRI 81.6
    6. Template:CHE 81.4
    7. Template:COL 80.4
    8. Template:NOR 80.2
    9. Template:GRC 80.2
    10. Template:AUS 80.1
    11. Template:Col-break

      1. Template:ITA 79.8
      2. Template:DEU 79.4
      3. Template:ESP 79.2
      4. Template:TWN 79.1
      5. Template:SVK 79.1
      6. Template:CHL 78.9
      7. Template:NLD 78.7
      8. Template:USA 78.5
      9. Template:CYP 78.4
      10. Template:ARG 77.7

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Template:Cite web Template:Dead link
  2. Template:Cite web See Executive Summary, pp. 32-35 for a detailed comparison between the ESI 2005, the EPI 2006 and the EPI 2008.
  3. Template:Cite web
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Template:Cite web See also official Press release
  5. Template:Cite news
  6. Template:Cite web
  7. Template:Cite web
  8. Template:Cite web

External linksEdit

Template:Quality of life country listscs:Environmental Performance Index de:Environmental Performance Index es:Índice de Desempeño Ambiental fr:Indice de performance environnementale it:Indice di sostenibilità ambientale pt:Índice de Desempenho Ambiental

sk:Environmental Performance Index

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