A research spin-off is a company that falls into at least one of the four following categories:[1]

  1. Companies that have an equity investment from a national library or university
  2. Companies that license technology from a public research institute or university
  3. Companies that consider a university or public sector employee to have been a founder
  4. Companies that have been established directly by a public research institution

The two main research spin-off models in Russia are those developed from the Institutes of the Academy of Science and Svetlana.[2] QinetiQ is an example of a research spin-off in the United Kingdom.[3]


pl:Spin off (zarządzanie)

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